Home / Immigration  / Dual Nationality: Which Passport Should I Use?

Dual Nationality: Which Passport Should I Use?

“Everyone has the right to a nationality and no one shall be arbitrarily deprived of their nationality nor denied the right to change their nationality.” (ONU. (1948). Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Article 15 ). But,

New Costa Rican Passport

“Everyone has the right to a nationality and no one shall be arbitrarily deprived of their nationality nor denied the right to change their nationality.” (ONU. (1948). Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Article 15 ).

But, what is nationality? According to Koopmans, Michalowski and Waibel in their article named “Citizenship Rights for Immigrants”: Citizenship rights define the boundaries of and rules of Access to the polity (a form of process of civil government or constitution), and the rights, obligations, and identities that tie states and citizens.  (Koopmans, Michalowski, Waibel (2012). Citizenship Rights for Immigrants: National Political Processes and Cross-National Convergence in Western Europe, 1980–2008. American Journal of Sociology. V. 117. N° 4. P. 1202. United States.) Therefore, it is not necessary to have been born in a certain territory to be a citizen, although this is the quintessential way of acquiring citizenship; rather, the requirements by law established in a certain State must be met, in order to be part of the citizenship or people of this nation.

 

In the past, it was common to deprive some people of nationality and the rights that the person enjoys when presenting themselves as a national or citizen; nowadays, everyone has the right to a nationality and to change it. According to International Law, there are principles for the resolution of conflicts between laws, in case of opposite and incompatible legal political situations. Likewise, it has sought to create bilateral reciprocity agreements between States.

Among the international principles for the resolution of regulatory conflicts, we can mention the following:

A. In the case of having two applicable laws and the judge is from a third State, the law with more connection with the domiciled will be applied.

B. In case of having two applicable laws, the person will choose their nationality, therefore, the applicable law.

C. In the case of having two applicable laws, the person’s link with the State where they carry out their activities must be recognized, that is, with which they have an effective relationship. 4

 

Costa Rican Nationality

If you wish to apply for citizenship in Costa Rica, there are two common ways to do it, one is to be a resident for more than 5 years, this is called “Naturalization for Residency”, and the other option would be to marry a Costa Rican and keep this status in this territory by at least 2 years. Here you can find all the requirements for each option.

 

Naturalization: Residency

1. To have more than 5 years being resident in Costa Rica, this applies just if you are from Central America, Ibero-America or from Spain. If you are not applying as citizen from those places, then you will have to comply with 7 years of sojourn in Costa Rica.

2. To have a valid ID from Costa Rica, meaning your DIMEX (ID card of residents). You will have to certify it with a public notary.

3. Birth certificate apostilled or legalized and with a translation to Spanish.

4. Affidavit of two witnesses that states they know you and they know you have complied with the sojourn time needed, and in that time you have had a good behavior.

5. Proof of income, if you are dependent of another person, you will need a certification from a public notary stating that they are in charge of your expenses.

6. To have approved Costa Rican national tests of cultural knowledge such as Social Studies and Spanish tests, however, if you are over 65 years old you do not need to comply with this requirement.

7. Background check from the country you were before Costa Rica for at least three consecutive years, and its Spanish translation.

8. Five pictures, passport size.

9. Proof of payment of government fees (50 colones if you are from countries mentioned that need just 5 years of residency, or 200 colones if you are from countries that need 7 years of residency).

10. Affidavit certify by a public notary that states you have not committed minimal crimes.

 

Naturalization: Marriage

1. To have been married to a  Costa Rican for at least 2 years and meanwhile you have resided in Costa Rica that time.

2. To have a valid ID from Costa Rica, meaning your DIMEX (ID card of residents) or passport. You will have to certify it with a public notary.

3. Birth certificate apostilled or legalized and with a translation to Spanish.

4. Background check from the country you were before Costa Rica for at least three consecutive years, and its Spanish translation.

5. Five pictures, passport size.

6. Proof of payment of government fees (50 colones if you are from countries mentioned that need just 5 years of residency, or 200 colones if you are from countries that need 7 years of residency).

 

Costa Rican Passport

Having access to Costa Rican citizenship implies the possibility of obtaining a “Tico” passport, which means that you will ha ve access to more than 130 countries without the need for a visa. This list of countries can be reviewed in the world ranking of passports, a ranking carried out by the Henley & Partners research group (The Henley Passport Index | Henley & Partners).

Another advantage of having Costa Rican citizenship is that Costa Rica allows keeping more than one nationality, so you won’t have to relinquish your nationality if you want to apply for citizenship. Countries  such as : Andorra, Austria, Azerbaiyan, Bahrein, China, Djibouti, El Salvador, Estonia, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Japón, Kazajstan, Lituania, Malasia, Netherlands, Montenegro, Nepal, Arabia Saudita, Singapur, Eslovaquia, Tanzania, Tailandia, Ukrain, Emiratos Arabes Unidos and Venezuela, forbid this phenomenon.

 

How to get it?

You will have to request it calling to 1311, by Pasaportes-y-Permisos-de-Salida, or you can also request an appointment with Banco de Costa Rica and Correos de Costa Rica. The only requirements you will have to complete are the following:

– To have a valid Costa Rican ID (the one you will obtain once your citizenship is finalized)

– Proof of payment of $56 and 250 colones for your new passport.

If you follow all of our suggestions,  we are sure you will be enjoying your Costa Rican passport and all of its benefits soon. Please contact us if you have any question, you can leave your comments below or send a message in our Social Media sites.

 

Share

kmontenegro@outlierlegal.com

Immigration Services Coordinator

Review overview
1 COMMENT
  • Visa Policy April 21, 2022

    You’ve got it under control! You truly put yourself to the test! You are deserving of a high five! Your capacity to work on a variety of subjects. I’m pleased by the way you work with your articles and the effort you put in to accomplish this. On the subject of ideas, you really went above and beyond. You’re doing a good job with your tasks and role. Keep up the excellent work.

POST A COMMENT